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C3 STC Calvin 2014 Info Ribbon

Tropical Cyclone Calvin was a strong tropical cyclone that brought strong winds and and heavy rain to Malta and Southern Italy. It was the third named storm and the first storm to reach hurricane intensity in the 2014 Mediterranean Cyclone Season

Calvin Developed from an eastward moving extra-tropical low pressure system called Qendresa by FU-Berlin. It passed over Pantelleria Island as it transitioned into a subtropical storm, it intensified further taking full advantage or the warm seas surface temperatures and a low wind shear, unstable atmosphere. At 11:30UTC on the 7th November 2014 the EWC reported that winds with the system had reached 1 minute sustained of 40 mph and that the frontal nature of the system had dissipated with organised convection getting closer to the centre, therefore the EWC upgraded the system to a Tropical Storm and it was given the name Calvin. The Italian Meteorological Service issued a High alert during the passage of the system.

Meteorological History Edit

Track map of C3 VSTC Calvin 2014

Map showing the track and intensity of the storm according to the European Mediterranean Cyclone Intensity Scale.

On November 7, 2014, a deep extratropical cyclone moved over the Sicilian Channel, the cyclone rapidly gained subtropical characteristics and began to intensify. Forming an eye like feature as it passed south west of Pantelleria Island. Soon after At about 23:30UTC on the 7th November 2014 the EWC reported that winds with the system had reached 1 minute sustained of 40 mph and upgraded the system to a Tropical Storm and it was given the name Calvin. The storm became fully tropical while moving between Lampedusa and Linosa Islands. The storm quickly intensified further as the Italian Meteorological Service issued a High alert after the passage of the system where maximum sustained winds reached 85 mph The storm turned north east and passed to the east of the island of Malta when the storm reached its peak intensity of 95 mph, a Category 3 Severe Tropical Cyclone on the EMCIS.

Even the Italian Civil Protection for the first time, warning the region of Sicily of the approaching tropical cyclone, given the damage caused on Lampedusa Island. On November 8th the system slows down and perfoms a counterclockwise loop of the coast of eastern Sicily.  Radar imagery shows the storm has a very well defined eye wall, typical of tropical cyclones. Albeit at about 40-50 km from the coast, the storm continued to hit coastal areas of Catania and Syracuse with heavy rains and wind gusts of up to 60 mph. The storm weakened quickly to a 45 mph tropical storm after it made landfall over Capo Muro di Porco Peninsula. Late on November 8th into the morning of November 9th the storm continued weakened to a tropical depression while moving southeast, It dissipated completely in the evening of November 9th located to the West of Crete.

The cyclone has caused storm surges, floods, torrential rains, sunk dozens of ships in the ports damaged greenhouses demolished hundreds of Linosa, Lampedusa, Malta and the Sicilian coastline that goes from Catania to Pachino.

Life cycle of Category 3 Tropical Cyclone Calvin (Qendresa)00:28

Life cycle of Category 3 Tropical Cyclone Calvin (Qendresa)

Life cycle of Category 3 Severe Tropical Cyclone Calvin

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